Institutional and Legal Frameworks

for Climate Changes

Institutional and Legal Frameworks

for Climate Changes


The Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning (MOEPP) has been designated as the National Focal Point to the UNFCCC and the National Authority for the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol has been designated.

Other ministries that have responsibilities related to climate change aspects are:

  • ​the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Economy,
  • the Ministry of Economy,
  • the Ministry of Transport and Communication,
  • the Ministry of Health and
  • the Ministry of Finance.


The Office of the Deputy Prime Minister for Economic Affairs is responsible for the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals, and it is also a National Designated Entity for the Green Climate Fund.

The National Climate Change Committee (NCCC), established by the Government, provides high-level support and guidance for the overall climate change policies in the country. It comprises of key stakeholders representatives from national institutions, academic institutions, the private sector and civil society and the climate change coordinators appointed by ministries.

Тhe Technical Group at the National Sustainable Development Council also participate in this this process as well as other key stakeholders in government and in civil society.

UNFCCC National Focal Point
PhD. Teodora Obradovic Grncarovska Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning

International institutions and donors, specifically the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), have provided financial and technical support for this reporting process.

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The Republic of Macedonia :

  • ​is non-Annex I Party of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia - 61/97),
  • has ratified the Kyoto Protocol (Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia - 49/04)
  • has adopted the Copenhagen Accord (2009)
  • has ratified the Paris Agreement (2017).

Although the Republic of Macedonia is a non- Annex I country, it is also a candidate country for EU accession, and therefore it has to adhere to the EU Climate and Energy Policy, which actually assumes the obligations for the UNFCCC Annex I countries.

The country is also contracting Party of the Energy Community, which is rapidly advancing the implementation of EU regulations for monitoring, reporting and verifying greenhouse gases and taking steps to tackle climate change.

The Climate Change Legal Framework

The Law on Environment currently regulates the issue of monitoring of anthropogenic emissions by sources and sinks of greenhouse gases.
Sectoral laws and strategies provide some guidance on monitoring and reporting on policies and measures, such as:

  • ​The Energy Development Strategy of the Republic of Macedonia for the period 2008-2020 with Vision until 2030 (2010)
  • The Strategy for Renewable Energy of Macedonia until 2020 (2010),
  • The Energy Efficiency Strategy of the Republic of Macedonia until 2020 (2010), and
  • The Third Energy Efficiency Action Plan (EEAP) of the Republic of Macedonia (2016-2018).

A Law and Strategy on Climate Change project has been programmed under the EU Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA II) funding mechanism to be informed by the European Union’s 2030 Climate and Energy Framework.

Reporting to the Framework Convention on Climate Change

The process for preparation and submission of the National Communications and the Biennial Update Reports for the UNFCCC is led by the Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning.

First National Communication on Climate Change (2003)
Second National Communication on Climate Change (2008)
Third National Communication on Climate Change (2013)
Intended Nationally Detemined Contributions to climate change (2015)
First Biennial Update Report on Climate Change (2015)
Second Biennial Update Climate Change Report (2017)

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